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Learn About HTML?

HTML, which stands for HyperText Markup Language, is the standard markup language used to create and design documents on the World Wide Web. It forms the backbone of most web content and provides a structure for web pages by using a system of tags and attributes.

  1. Markup Language: HTML (HyperText Markup Language) is a markup language used for creating the structure and layout of web documents. It consists of a series of tags that define the different elements on a web page, such as headings, paragraphs, links, images, and more.
  2. Document Structure: HTML documents have a standard structure with a head and a body. The head section contains meta-information about the document, such as the title, character encoding, and links to external resources. The body section contains the actual content of the web page.
  3. Tags and Attributes: HTML relies on tags to define elements, and each tag serves a specific purpose. Tags are enclosed in angle brackets, and most come in pairs—an opening tag and a closing tag. Attributes provide additional information about elements and are included in the opening tag. for example <p class=”important-text”>This is a paragraph.</p> Here, <p> is the opening tag, </p> is the closing tag, and class="important-text" is an attribute.
  4. Semantics: HTML uses semantic elements to give meaning to the content. Semantic tags like ‘<article>‘, ‘<section>‘, ‘<header>‘, ‘<footer>‘, and ‘<nav>‘ provide a clear structure to the document, making it more understandable for both developers and browsers. This enhances accessibility and search engine optimization.
  5. Evolution and Standards: HTML has evolved over the years, with different versions introducing new features and improvements. HTML5, the latest major version, introduced several new elements and attributes, multimedia support, and better handling of forms. W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) and WHATWG (Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group) are organizations that contribute to the development and standardization of HTML. It’s important for web developers to stay updated on the latest HTML specifications.



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